Although the art of carpet weaving went through many changes during the eras, the materials used remain the same. They are made of cotton, silk and wool, which in itself has a large variety today. Many of these fabulous rugs have unfortunately decayed over the years. The different wools used today are Manchester, Kork wool, and camel hair.
Having the reputation for the production of wools of very high quality, Nain is a small town and the producer of some of these rugs. Their patterns are very like Isfahan rugs, which come from old Persian. Isfahan is the old capital and these became popular in the West. They usually have flowers and branches intertwined in the patterns, many times with a medallion.
Produced by the Tekke tribe, a Turkoman carpet named tekke is also known as bokhara. Bokhara is the main trading area in this region. Tekke rugs tend to have a broad border with geometric shapes, with the colors usually being dark red persian rug, blue and white. Kashan, which is located in Iran, uses pure silk and unbleached cotton with Persian knots to make their rugs. The medallion, once again, is a popular pattern.
These rugs can be used in virtually any room in the home. Decorating trends have included these and other rugs as wall-hangings, treated them as beautiful works of art. They may dress up a room very formally, indeed a room that may be for show, as opposed to use. The longer narrower versions of this type of carpet are often used in hallways and foyers as entrance markers and to direct one to another part of the house.
Some of the elements of the Persian Rug are the primary border, the secondary border (another of which may precede the primary border), the ecoincons, the champ, and the medallion central. The layout of these rugs are designed using patterns such as the all-over, central medallion and the one-sidedfred